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What is Infertility?

Infertility is a disease of the reproductive system.  One third (30%) of infertility can be attributed to male factors, and about one third (30%) can be attributed to female factors.  In about 20% of cases infertility is unexplained, and the remaining 10% of infertility is caused by a combination of problems in both partners.

Frequently Asked Questions About Infertility

Find the answers to the most frequently asked questions about infertility diagnosis and treatment.

How Do I Know if I Have an Infertility Problem

If you are trying to have a baby and it is not happening as quickly as you expected, you may wonder if you have an infertility issue. This section is designed to determine if you should see an infertility specialist.

Infertility Diagnosis

Infertility is defined as the inability to conceive or carry a pregnancy to term after 12 months of trying to conceive.  If you are over the age of 35, the time of trying to conceive is reduced to 6 months.  It is important to see a specialist, or a Reproductive Endocrinologist, or in some cases your OB/Gyn or urologist for a complete fertility work-up and diagnosis.

Do You Need to See a Specialist?

According to the American Society for Reproductive Medicine, you should seek the care of a specialist if you are unable to achieve pregnancy after 12 months of unprotected intercourse and the women is under the age of 35, six months if the women is more than 35 years of age. You should also seek the care of a specialist if you have had more than one miscarriage. Learn more here.

Hidden No More: The Hidden Emotions of Infertility

Infertility affects approximately 10% of the population. Since infertility strikes diverse groups-affecting people from all socioeconomic levels and cutting across all racial, ethnic and religious lines- chances are great that a friend, relative, neighbor or perhaps you are attempting to cope with the medical and emotional aspects of infertility.

Infertility Acronyms

Learn what BFN, 2WW, AF and other common infertility acronyms mean.

Fast Facts About Infertility

Infertility is a disease that results in the abnormal functioning of the male or female reproductive system. The American Society for Reproductive Medicine (ASRM) and the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) and the World Health Organization (WHO) recognize infertility as a disease.

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This section of the RESOLVE website is made possible in part by support from The Ronald O. Perelman and Claudia Cohen Center for Reproductive Medicine at Weill Cornell Medical College.