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Infertility can be overwhelming. Not only are you faced with the shock of not being able to have a child, but suddenly you are thrust into learning an entirely new language. This section of our site is intended to provide you with factual information on the most common fertility drugs. Your physician and medical team will discuss use of the drugs that are appropriate for you. Be sure to properly store all medications to ensure their potency.
A specialty pharmacy is a pharmacy exclusively dedicated to providing medications that require special storage, handling, or specialized knowledge of the condition being treated. These medications are usually high-cost, complex, and are not immediately available at regular retail pharmacies. Learn more about these pharmacies including how to find a pharmacy near you, how they work, and tips from our community. Read more.
Importing Fertility Medications
Be aware that it is illegal to import fertility drugs from outside the United States. Medications made or purchased outside the USA for lower prices may not have FDA approval. In addition, if there is a problem with a particular batch of a drug, the FDA has no way to recall the drug. Consumers with questions about importation of drugs for personal use should consult with their local FDA office or the FDA Imports Operations Branch in Rockville, MD.
Donating Unused Medications
You may be considering sharing your unused medication with others, to help them save on treatment expenses. However, it is illegal for RESOLVE to encourage you to donate or receive prescription medication without going through a pharmacy. It is better to give any unopened medications to your infertility practice; they can take full responsibility for dispensing it, and some clinics have give-back programs
Types of Medicines:
Indications for use: Heparin is used on its own or in conjunction with aspirin to prevent recurrent pregnancy loss due to elevated levels of antiphospholipid antibodies.
Clomiphene Citrate - Clomid, Serophene
If your basic infertility work-up indicates that you are not ovulating regularly or if you are ovulating very late or early in the cycle, your physician may suggest clomiphene citrate.
Follicle Stimulating Hormone (FSH)
Indications for use: These drugs are used for the treatment of ovulation disorders and to stimulate follicle and egg production for intrauterine insemination (IUI), in vitro fertilization (IVF), or other assisted reproductive technology (ART) procedures.
Human Menopausal Gonadotropin (hMG)
Repronex, hMG acts directly on the ovaries to stimulate follicle development.
Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone Agonists (GnRH agonist) - Lupron, Synarel
GnRH agonists are synthetic drugs that cause the release of FSH and LH initially but with continued use quickly suppress these hormones.
Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone Antagonist (GnRH antagonist, ganirelix acetate) - Ganirelix Acetate Injection, Cetrotide
Bromocriptine Mesylate and Cabergoline - Parlodel and Dostinex
In both men and women, hyperprolactinemia (overproduction of the hormone prolactin) can cause fertility problems by interfering with the normal production of FSH and LH.
Progesterone is a natural hormone which is given after ovulation to improve the quality of the uterine lining. It can be taken by mouth, by vaginal suppository, gel or by intramuscular injection. Discover the vital connection between progesterone and pregnancy here.