Evaluating Your Reproductive Organs
The female reproductive organs must work normally in order to ensure pregnancy and birth. Your physician will evaluate these organs through a series of tests:
- Hysterosalpingogram (HSG): An HSG is an x-ray procedure performed in the first half of the cycle, using water or oil based dye to identify any structural abnormalities in your uterus or fallopian tubes.
- Hysteroscopy: A hysteroscope is a tiny telescope mounted with a fiber optic light, it is used to examine uterine abnormalities (if your HSG indicated uterine abnormality)
- Laparoscopy: A surgical procedure, performed under general anesthesia, it is performed around or before ovulation. This procedure allows the doctor to get a clear view of your pelvic cavity including; ovaries, outsides of fallopian tubes and the uterus. In addition, if endometriosis or adhesions are found, a laser can be used to remove them.
- Sonohystogram: A ultrasound using saline to inflate the uterine cavity to allow for careful examination of the uterus.
- Ultrasound: Either abdominal or vaginal ultrasound can be used to visualize the uterus and ovaries. Vaginal ultrasound is more sensitive. Ultrasound is often used to monitor the growth of follicles on the ovary during a cycle or to detect fibroids or ovarian cysts.